Blog - Colorado Concrete Repair
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Surface Preparation for Concrete Coating Applications

 

Surface Preparation is Key to a Successful Coating Application

Surface preparation is arguably one of the most important tasks of the concrete coatings process. For this reason, we want to take a moment to walk you through why it is so important to prepare a surface for resinous coating adhesion and how we make sure it is done properly.

 

Why is Surface Preparation So Important?

Surface preparation is important because if it is not done right, the coating system could fail. For instance, if the moisture was not tested and there is too much moisture in the concrete prior to coating installation, or the concrete slab was not repaired or leveled, the coating may delaminate quickly. The reason our coatings last longer than other competitor’s is because of the pride and time we take in preparing the concrete surface for adhesion. In addition to this, we also use high-performance materials that may cost more upfront, but will be a longtime investment.

surface preparation

Patching and crack repairs.

How Do We Prepare the Surface for Proper Adhesion?

Our team will ensure that your concrete is prepared and repaired, so that your concrete coating will adhere. Look at the following ways we prepare the concrete prior to resinous flooring application.

  1. Repair the concrete.
    • Fill cracks with flexible joint filler.
      • Cracks generally must be bigger than a credit card width to warrant chasing them and filling them for the integrity of the concrete slab.
    • Level the concrete where needed.
      • Concrete must be as flush as possible for coatings to adhere properly.
    • Apply a cementitious layer and patch spalling concrete areas where needed.
  2. Grind, shot blast, or sandblast the concrete surface.
  3. Acid etch or mechanically prep the concrete.
    • Concrete needs to be a rough, sandpaper finish for the coating to adhere. This can be done either with acid etching or mechanical preparation.
  4. Dry mop the concrete or clean the area surface from dirt and debris.

 

surface preparation

Grinding the concrete with dust control

 

And to Sum It Up…

Once the concrete is prepared thoroughly and to industry standards, it is time to apply the resinous coating system! This is the exciting part because this is the part you get to see the result! One thing to consider before moving on, however, is in this process it is important to do proper moisture vapor testing to make sure the concrete’s moisture level is within industry standards to apply a coating. Otherwise, moisture will affect the coating’s adhesion. Also, we’ll give you our honest opinion if you would be better off replacing your concrete if we do not think we can repair it well enough for a coating to adhere properly.

Thank you for your interest in finding out how surface preparation is an important step to the concrete coating process! When you work with us, you can trust that you are in the right hands. We appreciate our clients and want to give them the best concrete flooring investment! Call us today to learn more at 720-258-6571!

 

 

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Epoxy Coating for a Fort Collins City Building

Epoxy Coating Project Complete

We completed an epoxy coating project in the Fort Collins Power and Light office building this past month. The client chose to install the quarter inch Copper Mountain flake epoxy system, so that it would be easy to clean, durable to high traffic, and look good. The job was a big success! We transformed 15,000 square feet of rough and unlevel concrete that was previously carpeted into a beautiful, seamless, easy-to-clean floor. The client had decided on this application after having a previous section done and having seen how well it performed with workers walking through the area with muddy boots.

 

The Process:

Prepwork is arguably the most important part of our trade, and with this floor, we needed to focus on repairing the surface so that it would be nice and flat for the coating to adhere. We moved old pieces of concrete that had broken due to the concrete settling and cracking over time, as well as we filled a lot of cracks and grinded the surface smooth. The floor also required moisture remediation after testing. The moisture remediation consisted of a special primer needing to be installed on the floor and extensive patching to ensure adhesion of the epoxy chip coating. The prepwork laid the foundation for a nice industrial floor coating.

 

Why Epoxy?

The client chose this system to be installed in the high traffic areas, like hallways and large rooms, where people would gather and walk through often. They decided to carpet the offices, which can often be a good decision for a cozier feel for people’s workspaces. Concrete floors can be a nice addition to a mixture of flooring types, depending on what they will be used for. In this case, the city will be happy with the mixture of epoxy coating and carpet for their usage because the epoxy is industrial-strength and looks good, whereas the carpet does not get as much traffic and provides a nice environment in the office setting.

 

Some things to consider when choosing an epoxy floor application…

Whenever our clients choose an epoxy for paint, we want to be clear that there could be odors associated with the resins we use, and really, you’re going to get this with any contractor. However, there are ways to reduce the odor, which is what we did in this case. Products were selected to reduce odors because part of the building was occupied. Another thing we want our clients to be aware of is the drying times, which can be longer or shorter depending on the temperature of the concrete and surrounding environment. Depending on the material used, our clients may be able to walk on it the next day, or it could take an additional day if it did not dry quick enough. Also, be careful and consult with us before you drive any machinery on the surface when we’re finished.

 

We’d love to work with you on your next concrete coating project!

Overall, we are pleased with the outcome and look forward to help warehouses, city buildings, gymnasiums, schools, airplane hangars, large garages, pole barns, get setup with an epoxy coating like this one, or other types of concrete coatings and polished concrete. We provide free estimates after you your project has been qualified over the phone. Call us today for your free estimate at 720-258-6571. We look forward to working with you.

 

City Building Epoxy Coating  Gallery:

Check out these before and after pictures of this concrete coating project below. You’ll see some of the concrete repair, our machines that grind the concrete and collect the majority of the dust, and then the floor when it is complete! Wow! What a difference!

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Concrete Lifting

Concrete Lifting in Denver, Colorado

Often times our clients will ask us to “level out” their concrete slabs due to the concrete not being even. There could be a couple different reasons for this: either their concert has sunk or it has an uneven surface. If it’s the first reason, and the concrete has sunk, concrete lifting is often the best way to address the issue. If it’s the second reason, and the concrete has an uneven surface, concrete grinding is a good solution. In this article we asked the Liftech team to tell us about their system to address sunken and unstabilized concrete. We recommend this team of professionals, who have been rated Colorado’s #1 polyurethane concrete raising and stabilization company, to all of our clients who need their concrete lifted because it’s non-invasive and works more effectively than other forms of concrete lifting.

So Why Does Concrete Sink Over Time?

The Colorado Front Range is made up of a large assortment of soil types. It ranges from very sandy soils to highly expansive clay soils with ever expanding and contracting Bentonite (Claystone). When wet, Sodium Bentonite expands, absorbing as much as several times its dry mass in water. The opposite happens when dried out.

Too often in construction, soil is not properly compacted, downspouts are not properly placed and landscaping drainage is poorly designed. When large quantities of water are directed towards any concrete slab, there is a possibility of soil erosion and or compaction. This leads to concrete settlement over time. Garage floors, basements, driveways, exterior walkways, porches and patios are the areas most frequently affected. Exterior concrete is generally poured at an angle away from any structure. This is an effort to keep water from pooling in a garage or to keep it from seeping down into a basement. When settlement occurs, and water is flowing in the wrong direction towards a house, more severe problems are likely to arise.

 

 concrete lifting

Liftech’s Concrete Lifting Solution:

Our concrete repair plan includes the controlled lift of individual slabs of concrete. We achieve a precise result by applying expansive polymer foam just beneath the surface of the slab. This process eliminates the failing condition as well as seals and stabilizes all defective joints and sources of water penetration from further erosion. The variety of soils and substrates across the Front Range are often the root of the problem. Liftech’s concrete repair system treats the soils and addresses the water and erosion issues. The average life cycle of concrete is extended at a fraction of the cost of replacement.

LIFTECH BENEFITS

  • LONG LASTING!   Polyurethane cures as a solid, impermeable structure which adheres to the concrete and is not susceptible to fracture or failure.
  • SOIL STABILIZATION!   Polyurethane is injected as a liquid and reacts within the loosely, uncompacted soils to solidify and stabilize those soils.
  • LESS INVASIVE!   Liftech uses controlled injections in penny-size holes to raise your concrete quickly and effectively.
  • LIGHTWEIGHT!   Polyurethane weighs about two pounds per cubic ft.
  • IT’S FAST!   Polyurethane cures within minutes, with your concrete ready to use again once we leave the job!
  • DEFEND AGAINST MOTHER NATURE SAFELY!   Our environmentally friendly solution creates a barrier to moisture, chemicals, insects, rodents and erosion.

 

Before and After Concrete Lifting:

Now that you can see why you need your concrete lifted and why we recommend Liftech for your next commercial or residential project, contact them here today!

 

 

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Pool Deck Coating Common Challenges

Pool Deck Coating Common Challenges

When choosing the best pool deck coating for your pool, consider these pool deck coating common challenges. Pool deck coatings are a great way to make your pool slip-resistant, cool to the touch, and protect the concrete from deterioration, but it is important to consider the challenges that come with most deck coatings and the benefits of paying more upfront for a high performance and durable pool deck coating system instead of re-coating it every couple years.

 

What is a Pool Deck Coating?

 

A pool deck coating is a protective material that is applied to a slab of concrete to make the pool deck safer and more durable. Pool deck coatings should be able to withstand the hot summer days and UV rays, as well as withstand the freeze-thaw winter environments. Some pool deck coatings are like paint, which can do well in environments that do not experience freeze-thaw, and others are more decorative and require sealer to be constantly reapplied. Our pool deck coating system is a high-performance coating that can withstand freeze-thaw and UV radiation, as well as protect the concrete from harsh chemicals and even salt water environments!! In this article, we’ll review five pool deck coating common challenges that we’ve found being in the industry for 8 years, so that you can have the knowledge to make the best business decision for your pool deck resurfacing project.

 

5 Common Challenges to Ordinary Pool Deck Coatings

  1. The most common problem we’ve seen on Colorado pool decks, both indoors and outdoors, is the tendency for the coating to chip and peel.
    • Chipping and peeling usually happens within the first couple years of coating installation if you do not get a coating that can withstand Colorado’s tough weather conditions. The material that is installed looks great at first, but shortly over time, it could chip.
    • It is extremely important prior to any coating installation to prepare the surface. This means repairing cracks and spalling, sometimes grinding the concrete smooth, and cleaning it. A well-prepared surface will have better adhesion!
    • Many coatings just aren’t ready to withstand the high UV radiation that Colorado has, and therefore, you’ll see the coating chip and peel in areas with high sun exposure.
  2. Most pool deck coatings do not stand up to the high UV radiation we have in Colorado.
    • Our UV rays in Colorado can damage not only our skin, but pool deck coatings and other outdoor surfaces if the material is not specified to handle UV.
    • With higher UV radiation, pool deck coatings must be able to protect the concrete slab from the harmful deteriorating effects. Many are not up for this challenge. You’ll see certain pool deck coatings that do well in places like Texas, where they do not have high UV radiation, but when you install that same pool deck coating in Colorado, it does not do as well.
  3. Pool deck coatings generally have a difficult time withstanding the freeze-thaw cycle in Colorado.
    • Coatings need to be durable enough and need to be flexible to stand up to the freeze-thaw cycle. Regardless of what type of coating you have, you still need to clean the snow and standing water off, just as you would concrete, but some coatings give better protection against the freezing weather than others.
    • As the weather changes from warm to freezing temperatures, and back again, the concrete and concrete coating move. Think of flowers as they bloom and then close again as winter approaches, so does concrete expand and come back in as the weather changes. Your pool deck coating should be able to move with the freeze-thaw conditions.
  4. Most people and businesses want their concrete to be slip-resistant and safe, yet feel good on the feet, however some pool deck coatings and sealers can be slippery.
    • Often if you want a decorative concrete finish, you may have to sacrifice the slip-resistance for the look. Many sealers become slippery when wet, but they need to be applied so that the decorative finish can be protected.
    • Our high-performance sand broadcast pool deck coating is slip-resistant and beautiful! We’ve tested different materials and resins and have found the perfect mixture of sand to help promote pool time safety, but not hurt the feet! Look out for this when shopping pool deck coatings.
  5. Some pool deck coatings are beautiful, but they trap dirt and grime.
    • In particular, the pebble coatings are installed in such a way that they have holes for dirt and other particles, even water, to fall through. This is detrimental for the adhesion of the coating.

 

Now that you know the top five pool deck coating challenges, you are equipped with the knowledge to choose your pool deck resurfacing company carefully. In summary, many pool deck coatings cannot stand up to the harsh weather and salt water or chemical pool conditions, and therefore chip and peel before their time, meaning you must re-coat every year or two. When you choose our pool deck coating system, know that you are making a valuable investment up front to last you a long time! Our pool deck coatings are durable, beautiful, UV-resistant, crack-resistant, slip-resistant, and should prolong the life of your concrete for years to come. Leave the work to us and you take it easy!

 

Call us today for your free estimate at 720-258-6571!

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urethane concrete floor maintenance

Urethane Concrete Floor Maintenance

5 Tips to Maintain Your Urethane Concrete Floor Investment

What is a Urethane Topcoat?

 

Urethane concrete floor maintenance is a necessary but easy solution to keep your decorative concrete floors or high performance concrete floors sterling and in pristine condition. Urethane top-coated floors and epoxy top-coated floors are a premier finish for newly poured or older concrete floors with character; they are almost twice as thick as acrylic sealers and form a high-build protective film on the concrete surface that provides excellent resistance to chemicals and abrasion.

 

urethane concrete floor maintenance

Now that you know a little bit about Urethane and Epoxy floors, we can delve into five tips for how to maintain urethane floors.

 

5 Tips on Urethane Concrete Floor Maintenance:

 

  1. Daily Maintenance: Dry mop the floor daily with an industrial dust mop. This will help remove dust and debris that can degrade the conductivity.
  2. Weekly Maintenance: Once a week wet mop the floor with a mix of non-residue* alkaline and water, and allow to dry.
  3. Bi-Weekly Maintenance: Every two weeks, auto scrub with a mixture of diluted alkaline non-residue floor cleaner to remove the ground in contaminants. In this process, use soft nylon bristle pads or red buffer pads. Be careful to not use too aggressive scrubbing pads because they could remove the gloss. If you have stubborn, ground-in scuff marks, you can use detergent. When using detergent, allow it to soak and then scrub.
    1. *Be aware that many detergents and cleaners leave behind harmful residues that reduce the conductivity of the floor finish. Make sure the floor cleaners you use are non-residue to keep the appearance of your urethane or epoxy floor.
  4. For an additional option, you can wax the floor, however this is usually not necessary. Keep in mind, once you wax a floor, you must regularly wax it to maintain the shine.
  5. Urethane or epoxy top-coated floors should last 10 or more years if regularly maintained. However, severe scuff marks can take a toll on the gloss and the overall look of the floor. Now, consider re-coating the floor.

 

urethane concrete floor maintenance

 

Overall, when considering what topcoat to choose for your concrete flooring project, keep in mind the environment, how long you want it to last, if you want to reseal it every couple years, and how you want it to look. Urethane and epoxy topcoats are good options for industrial use; they may be more expensive than other sealers, like acrylic sealers upfront, but they will last longer and are more durable. They are generally thicker than acrylic sealers and they come in many colors, they can be slip-resistant, and chemical-resistant, and are aesthetically pleasing. They can be applied to concrete that has been ground and stained concrete to protect it and give it a nice glossy finish. If you follow the tips in this article, you should get several years of life to your floor, therefore making it a very wise investment. However, these tips are only suggestions; we are not the experts, so please contact your cleaning vendor or a janitorial company like Jon Don to seek professional advice or secure a cleaning urethane concrete floor maintenance program to protect your investment!

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Pool Deck Coating Options

pool deck coating options

Review of Pool Deck Coating Options

 

There are many different options from which to choose when it comes to repairing your pool deck, and pool deck coatings are often a cost-effective solution, especially in comparison to replacing the concrete. Pool deck coatings come in all shapes and sizes, from cheap paint-on coatings to brilliant, designer, durable coatings. We’ll explain what to look for when deciding which system is best for your project by reviewing each of the following systems: Pebble Technology, Paint, Cement-based Coatings, Vinyl Chip, and Sandbroadcast.

 

Replace Your Pool Deck or Install a Coating?

 

First, when do you know when it’s time to replace your concrete vs. install a coating? Many people tell us that their pool is probably chipping, cracking, heaving, or spalling way too much for a coating. Sometimes this is true, however, often we can install our coating system after we repair and prep the surface. This often involves: cleaning the surface, filling cracks, patching spalled surfaces, grinding the surface, and washing again to ensure the coating adheres. We can handle multiple repair issues, but sometimes it might be best to replace the concrete. We’ll give you the best recommendation, even if that means not installing a coating. An example of when the concrete should be replaced is when it is a small area, such as less than 2,000 square feet; in that case, the cost per square foot just becomes too high for the coating. Another example would be if the concrete is crumbling and there are chunks of concrete missing from the surface. This would not be an optimal surface to hold a coating, and thus should be replaced.

 

Now that you have an idea of whether you should replace your concrete or install a coating, which should prolong the life of your concrete, considering you choose a quality system and a team of experienced professionals to install it, we will discuss each system, starting with Pebble Technology, also known as Pebble Tec.

 

Overview of Pool Deck Coating Options:

 

Pebble Technology:

This is an aggregate pool finish that offers different textures and colors to create a natural environment, using small to large pebbles from around the world.

 

Pros:

  • Nature-inspired appearance
  • Slip-resistant
  • Cooler than some other coating options, like paint

 

Cons:

  • Difficult to repair
  • Tends to delaminate and peel
  • Installers not in every state, like Colorado
  • High cost
  • Traps dirt, therefore harboring bacteria

 

Concrete Paint:

Concrete paint is exactly what it sounds like; it is a paint designed for concrete pool decks. It is like painting a wall in your house, except you paint a thin layer onto the concrete, then often seal it and apply a texture for slip-resistance.

 

Pros:

  • Less expensive upfront
  • Large range of color options

 

Cons:

  • Tends to chip and peel
  • Can be slippery if texture is not added
  • Highlights flaws in the concrete
  • Looks like paint

 

Cement-based Coatings:

A cement-based coating is a polymer modified cement that is installed onto the concrete surface at about ¼ inch thick.

 

Pros:

  • Customizable look
  • Good texture when not sealed
  • Decorative appearance
  • Can hide flaws
  • Some are UV-resistant

 

Cons:

  • Usually requires a high gloss sealer, which can be slippery
  • Tends to chip, peel, and crack
  • Needs sealer applied often

 

Vinyl Chip:

Decorative vinyl chips systems, or flake systems, are resin-based chip/flake flooring systems with paint aggregates that is either applied to a pool deck with a hand broadcast or by a hopper-blower gun.

 

Pros:

  • Customizable: comes in many colors and sizes
  • Hides sub-surface imperfections
  • Colorfast, UV-stable pigments

 

Cons:

  • Can be slippery
  • Can blister

 

Sand Broadcast:

This is our unique pool deck resurfacing system that we created with years of knowledge and experience in the concrete coatings and repair industry. It takes the strength of a parking deck coating with a resin-based base layer and blends it with local quartz that is thrown by hand evenly over the surface for a natural finish.

 

Pros:

  • Slip-resistant
  • Decorative, but natural appearance
  • Cost-effective
  • Durable
  • Hides sub-surface imperfections
  • UV-resistant and chemical-resistant
  • Crack-resistant
  • Easy to maintain
  • Optional sealer

Cons:

  • More expensive upfront investment than other options

 

In summary, there are several different options you have in comparison to replacing your pool deck. By looking carefully at each of the options listed in this blog, hopefully you have a better idea on where to spend your money: repairing or replacing, and which system to use that will best fit your needs. There are benefits to each kind of system, but when deciding which pool deck coating system, keep in mind the long-term investment decision. For a better system, like the sand broadcast pool deck system, it might cost more upfront, but it will be worth it in the long run, prolonging the life of your pool deck and making it look beautiful with a flexible, high technology sandy coating that looks like you’re on the beach. Contact us to save your pool deck today at 720-258-6571!

 

 

 

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Floor Finish and What You Need to Know

Do I Need Floor Finish?

 

Often our clients ask us if or when they need to apply floor finish. Our viewpoint on when to apply floor finish might be different from some in our industry, but it is this way for a reason. The main goal of floor finish or wax, is to prolong the life of the sealed concrete. That is why many people in the industry call it a “sacrificial wear surface.” This sacrificial wear surface is beneficial in many ways, however, once you apply it, you must reapply as your regular maintenance routine. Therefore, in most cases, we recommend our clients wait until they absolutely must apply it instead of immediately after the flooring is sealed. We do this personally at home and will recommend this to most clients.

 

What is Floor Finish Anyway?

 

Floor finish is a synthetic liquid or natural wax that is applied to the floor and dries smooth, leaving a durable and smooth film. This film acts as a protective surface from wear and makes the floor look nice. It also is a shock absorber to scuffs, scratches, and grime. Here are some benefits:

 

  • Slip-resistant
  • Adds brilliant shine
  • Protects the original floor from scuff marks and high traffic wear and tear
  • Promotes a clean environment

 

When we install your concrete floor system, we will put you in touch with Jon-Don, a janitorial service company that will help you properly maintain your concrete floor investment. Often, this will include applying a finish as your regular maintenance, especially if you are a large business, like retail or a manufacturing facility. Floor finish is usually used to maintain epoxy floors and some lightly sealed concrete, like stained concrete. However, it is not needed to maintain polished concrete floors, as the polishing process makes it so the concrete repels stains and spills, if they are wiped up right away. Talk to your floor-care professional about specific plans regarding how to extend the life of your concrete floor using floor wax!

floor finish

 

To review, here at Colorado Concrete Repair, we want to leave you not only with a beautiful floor for today, but also a floor care plan that will help you extend the life of your new investment. Often, a concrete floor maintenance program will require a regular application of floor finish; that way, wear and tear goes through the floor finish instead of the sealer. This makes it easy to rebuff when needed instead of replacing the sealer. We will generally recommend waiting if one can before applying floor finish, only because after you apply it, you will need to reapply often to maintain the shine and overall appearance. However, if you want to protect the sealer, floor finish is a great option because it’s easier to remove and recoat when needed. It is tough, resists detergents, and has great buffability. So, if you’re up for this floor plan regimen and you have high traffic areas, then talk to your janitorial partner to see if this option is best for you.

 

Call us today for your FREE estimate at 720-258-6571!  We’ll make sure you are satisfied from start to finish and beyond! 

 

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When Should You Reseal Concrete?

Sealed Concrete & What to Look Out for When It Needs to be Sealed Again

 

Sealed concrete is an important factor to prolong the lifespan of your concrete. Depending on what type of sealer you have applied to the concrete, you will want to watch out for when it is time to re-seal it. Concrete, like any other porous surface, is best when it is sealed. You can seal concrete with a chemically reactive penetrating sealer, acrylicresin sealers, and high performance topical coatings, such as epoxies and urethanes. Depending on which one, if any, has already been applied to the concrete substrate, you will need to check and make sure the sealer is still sealing the concrete.

 

Concrete needs sealed for different purposes, some of which are: protecting it from freeze-thaw, stain repellence, dust reduction, abrasion resistance, chemical resistance, or to maintain an attractive or high-gloss appearance. If you do not seal your concrete, harsh chemicals and liquid can penetrate the concrete, leaving it discolored or destroy the surface. Let’s look at each sealer, so that you can know how long it should last and what do to check if it needs reapplied.

 

Penetrating Sealers

sealed concrete

Due to the nature of penetrating sealers, since they chemically react to the concrete, they will last the longest out of all the sealers. They will generally wear as the substrate wears, usually 10 years or longer. They are usually applied directly after the concrete slab is poured, when it can withstand the weight of the installer. Although some reactive penetrating sealers, like silanes and siloxanes, should only be applied when the concrete is fully cured (generally 28 days). You will not notice a different appearance when penetrating sealer is applied, however, you will notice that when water is poured on top of the chemically sealed concrete, it will bead. This is the best test you can do to see if your concrete needs resealed. Pour water on the concrete, and if in a couple minutes, the concrete absorbs the water, you know it is time to reseal it.

 

Acrylic-Resin Sealers

stamped concrete sealing

One part sealed, one part not

There are two types of acrylic sealers: water-based and solvent based, both of which have shorter life spans than both penetrating sealers and epoxies. They generally last 1 to 3 years. They, like most penetrating sealers, are usually applied directly after the concrete slab is poured, when it can withstand the weight of the installer. Solvent-based acrylic resin sealers significantly enhance the color and give the concrete a high-gloss, wet look. Therefore, it is often the sealer of choice for stamped concrete projects. Water-based acrylic resin sealers, on the other hand, offer a more moderate color enhancement and a satin appearance. To test if you need to reseal your acrylic sealed concrete, check for wear and tear in it within the first year; you will likely see chips or peeling in spots.

 

Epoxies and Urethanes

Epoxy and urethane systems have similar performance to penetrating sealers, lasting 5 to 10 years, depending on traffic exposure. They are more expensive than other sealers up front, but they will last you longer than the alternatives, which are usually acrylic sealers. Most high performing sealers, like epoxies and urethanes, should only be applied after the concrete has cured (generally 28 days). Epoxies provide a significant color enhancement and give concrete the high-gloss, wet look, like solvent-based acrylic resin sealers. Urethanes, when applied as a topcoat over epoxy, are available in a wide range of finishes, from matte to glossy. Many sealers can also be colored with translucent or opaque tints. To test if you need to reapply epoxy or urethane, watch if areas start to lose their gloss or color, or both. You will also notice, in cases where it is bad, the concrete substrate will show throw the epoxy or urethane coatings.

 

To sum it up, acrylic sealers and penetrating sealers will repel water and deicing salts. Use a siliconate (a type of reacting penetrating chemical sealer) to repel oil stains. Some things to be aware of when choosing what type of sealer to use: 1, acrylic-resin sealers may be weakened by petroleum distillates, and 2, reacting penetrating sealers are generally weakened by acidic chemicals that etch the concrete. Opt for an epoxy or urethane system if you want protection against these substances. For penetrating sealers, watch for the concrete either absorbing water or beading; for acrylic sealers, watch for wear and tear, such as scratches and peeling; for epoxies and urethanes, watch for the glossy finish losing its shine or areas that are worn down and showing the concrete substrate.

 

 

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Concrete Floor Maintenance

How to Maintain Concrete Floors

In this article, we’ll walk you through how to maintain your concrete floors. Concrete floor maintenance is a key aspect of protecting your investment! So you chose to keep your concrete floor, instead of covering it with laminate, tile, wood, or carpet. Congratulations! You now have a floor that will take less maintenance than the other flooring options, especially carpet! However, keep in mind that virtually all flooring requires some sort of maintenance and regular attention. The amount of maintenance your floor will need, highly depends on the amount of foot and vehicular traffic that it receives. For instance, if you have a concrete floor in your residence, you will likely get away with a simple cleaning regimen with the occasional sweeping and damp mopping. On the other hand, commercial flooring may require daily sweeping and mopping, but keep in mind that both residential and commercial flooring do not do well with acidic cleaners and sometimes even soap-based products. Always refer to your coating contractor if you have questions about maintenance. Read on to find out more about how to maintain epoxy floors and polished concrete.

Epoxy floor maintenance:

Epoxy floors, whether in your garage, pole barn, warehouse, or place of business, are durable and generally have a pristine appearance. Usually our clients want to know how to maintain their newly coated concrete floors, so that they can increase the lifespan, as to not have to tear out and replace or re-coat. If you maintain your floors correctly, and with these steps in mind, you should be able to have a floor that lasts for years to come.

  1. Spills are going to happen. When a spill occurs, it is important to clean it up as soon as you can, because it could stain or penetrate the coating if it is acidic, or can become slick of it’s oil. All you need to do is use a paper towel or soft cloth to wipe it up.
  2. If it’s more heavily soiled, first, sweep up any loose debris, then mop the floor with a hard foam mop, hot water, and clear ammonia.
  3. Routine maintenance for your epoxy floors, only require a soft bristle broom or blue commercial dust mop.
  4. Another good way to regularly maintain your floor is to spray out with a hose and squeegee dry; this works best if you have a drain or access to the outside.
  5. If the concrete has been stained, you can use a kitchen scrubbing pad and lightly scrub with just hot water.
  6. Refrain from using cleaners with acids, like vinegar and citrus, and soap-based cleaners. In particular, the soap-based cleaners will build a residue over time, which will decrease the shine, and the floor will become progressively slippery, even if you have a “slip-resistant” coating.
concrete floor maintenance
In conclusion, epoxy floors are very durable, especially when professionally installed, however, this does not mean they are indestructible. If you do gauge the concrete coating, contact your installer to get a quote on fixing it. Sometimes you can get a warranty, however, gauging the floor coating is not necessarily always covered by warranty.

Polished concrete floor maintenance:

Polished concrete is an exceptionally durable floor and attractive, yet also economical and environmentally friendly. It is an ideal flooring option for businesses and residential indoor use, primarily because most buildings are build on concrete slabs already. Furthermore, polished concrete is very versatile; the property owner can choose the level of sheen, from satin to high gloss. This flooring option is very low maintenance, as it requires no floor finish or wax stripping and reapplication. See below for polished concrete maintenance tips to help you keep your floor resilient for up to ten years before you need to restore it.
  1. Place walk-off mats at entryways. When people walk into the building, they will often track dirt and debris in with them. In this case, mats help reduce the amount of dirt that is tracked in.
  2. Dry mop daily to remove dirt. If dirt is left on the concrete surface, it can scratch and abrade the surface over time, which interferes with the shine and creates a dull appearance.
  3. Wipe-up spills immediately. In the polished concrete process, we apply densifies, which will help to enhance the stain-resistance of your floor, however, the concrete is still porous, which means it is in your best interest to clean up spills immediately.
concrete floor maintenance
To sum it up, polished concrete is an extremely durable surface that can be used in many facilities, like schools, gyms, retail centers, churches, restaurants, auto shops, pole barns, and almost any business or home with concrete that is in good condition. If maintained properly, your polished concrete investment can last you ten or more years before it needs to be restored.

And That’s It!

There are other concrete flooring types, but they are very similar to either polished concrete or epoxy floors. Basically, for both types of floors, you want to dry mop often, clean up spills immediately, and when you mop, do not use abrasive cleaners or even soap-based products. For epoxy floors, you will benefit from using a commercial-grade floor wax designed for concrete floors to protect against stains, dirt and abrasion. However, for polished concrete floors, wax is not required for up-keep; simply gently clean it or hire a janitorial company to maintain it if you are a commercial facility and do not have someone in-house who can maintain it regularly. If your polish becomes less shiny than you’d like it, contact your decorative concrete contractor to buff the surface or to lightly re-polish it with a fine-grit abrasive. Floor mats always help at the entryways, so that you track in less dirt and muck. Now that you know about concrete floor maintenance, enjoy your new investment!

Contact us today for your FREE estimate! We’ll be glad to guide you through the decorative concrete flooring process and then we’ll make sure your in good hands with proper knowledge to maintain your investment! Call us at 720-258-6571!  

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Industrial Flooring Options

What are your options when choosing an industrial flooring finish?

Industrial Flooring Options

Whether you own or manage a manufacturing warehouse, brewery, food facility, fire station, furniture store, retail store, veterinary facility, or even a pole barn, you want tough floors that will outlast the wear and tear of the daily grind. We’ll explore the various industrial flooring options with you in this article, and hopefully we’ll leave you with more knowledge to decide which flooring application is best for your situation.

 

There are many flooring options to consider, but which one is the best for your business or project needs? Let’s take a look!

Epoxy Floors

Epoxy floors, also known as epoxy coatings, are typically more expensive than overlays, however they are seamless and extremely abrasion resistant. Epoxy coatings are ideal for projects requiring durability, longevity, and chemical resistance. They require minimal maintenance, which makes them popular flooring applications for show rooms, retail facilities, schools and food preparation areas.

 

Our team at Colorado Concrete Repair specialize in epoxy floors, like epoxy chip floors, metallic epoxy floorsflat epoxies, and sand broadcasts. Our epoxy coatings are generally “microtoppings” or skim coats that are flexible and super thin, usually around featheredge to 1/8 inch. We’ve completed projects that range in size from 800 square feet to 10,000 square feet, such as a large tool manufacturing facility that chose a flat gray epoxy flooring to a fire station that requested an epoxy chip system.

We generally recommend epoxy floors if you want to cover up or hide concrete’s imperfections, like cracks and mild spalling. We choose thinner epoxy systems, so that the coating can flex with the concrete as it moves. Take a look here to view an example of a Tuscan Slate overlay system that our peers in Columbus, Ohio, applied for more information on thicker overlays, which are applied thick enough to accept texture and cover minor imperfections in the concrete substrate.

Concrete Grind and Seal

Concrete grinding is a more affordable option than ripping out and replacing concrete, and in addition it gives you a smooth finish, removes trip hazards, removes coatings from concrete, and prepares the surface for other flooring systems.

We have state-of-the-art concrete grinding and polishing machines and have used them to grind thousands of square feet for clients, who simply wanted a smooth and sealed surface to store and move boxes all the way to clients who wanted to remove trip hazards for foot traffic safety. It is best to choose a concrete grind and seal if you are satisfied with the look of your existing concrete. We will guide you through and help you decide when we do the initial walk-through, but generally you must be okay with seeing cracks, the existing color of the concrete, and areas where it is spalling.

 

Grind the concrete, then Seal it!

Furthermore, once you choose the concrete grind and seal option, you will then choose a sealant. We recommend acrylic sealers for most projects, but you can also choose a penetrating sealer, which chemically reacts with the concrete, or an epoxy-type thicker coating. Acrylic sealants are applied both on interior and exterior surfaces to form a thin, protective film that protects against water and chloride intrusion, as well as allows the moisture in the slab to escape. They are UV-resistant and non-yellowing. They also come in a variety of sheens and can enhance the natural floor.

 

Finally, keep in mind that acrylic sealer is a fast-track option, meaning it dries to the touch within an hour usually. You also will have to reapply more often since it is much thinner than epoxy and urethane finishes. You will also want to maintain the floor with several coats of floor finish or wax to prevent wear.

 

Polished Concrete Floors

Polished concrete is ideal if you want a no-wax, no-coating flooring option with a satin or high-gloss finish. This flooring option has superior durability and high performance. Almost all structurally sound concrete floors, whether new or old, can be polished, with some exceptions. As long as the concrete has been in place 28 days or more, and is not wavy, extensively porous, or needs patching, then polished concrete could be a good option for your industrial flooring needs. If you are having new concrete poured, it is best to specify as smooth of floor as possible to minimize the polishing steps required.

In conclusion, existing floors usually require cleaning to remove the dirt, dust, coatings and grime prior to polishing. Then when we polish the floor, we use the traditional floor polishing system, using different grit diamond heads with our high-performance grinding machines to smooth surface to the sheen you desire, with 800 grit being the most traditional level. During this process, we apply a penetrating hardener to the concrete, which solidifies and densifies the polished concrete.

 

The benefits of a polished concrete floor over a coating make polished concrete the more superior choice in most cases:

  • Lower costs to maintain: Using the pre-existing slab on grade is more cost effective and you will have lower maintenance cost savings
  • Less maintenance and service life: Polished concrete floors are easy to maintain and do not require the laborious hours and time it takes to reapply wax or coatings. They glossy surface resists heavy forklift traffic and chemical and oil stains.
  • More resistance to high foot traffic
  • Resistance to moisture transmission issues: Polished concrete allows the floor to breathe, eliminating issues that come along with other flooring types, like tile.
  • High light reflectivity: Polished concrete creates a brighter space, saving costs on lighting; it also gives a bright, clean, professional image, which is why grocery stores, retail centers, public facilities and office buildings are opting to install polished concrete.
  • Sustainable flooring alternative: Polished concrete does not require hazardous cleaners, coatings or adhesives.

Other Industrial Flooring Options

When you are in the market to repair your concrete floors, you also have options to cover up the floor. In some cases, this is ideal and understandably so, such as if the concrete is not in good enough condition to coat or polish, or if you simply want a different look that coatings and polishings cannot give you. Some of these flooring types are as follows:

  • Laminate
  • VCT
  • Tile
  • Marble
  • Granite
  • Linoleum

 

Hence, when looking at your different options, consider how easy they will be to clean, how long they will last, are they sustainable and how much traffic can they handle? If any of these answers make you wonder if you should find an alternative route, it might be ideal to talk with a flooring contractor who is the expert in concrete flooring solutions.

 

Contact us today for your FREE ESTIMATE at 720-258-6571.

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